Mining in Hurungwe started earlier than the documented history of the area with documentation starting with the Europeans in the 1890s. The district is endowed with vast mineral deposits listed below:
- Copper occurs within the Tengwe valley. No mining has ever been conducted. There are no current mining activities taking place.
- Dolomite mined for industrial purposes as early as Rhodesian times to date.
- Galena- noted mineralization within the province but no documented historical production. No mining is taking place at present.
- Gold- produced from mines such as Wealth Mine, Gondia Mine, Crescent Mine, North Star Mine and Norman Mine. These were recorded to be low grade copper-gold mines which started production in early Rhodesian times. Gold mining is recorded to have started earlier then 1936 on Kent Mine 3km east of Angwa River and Winchester Mine 22km SSE of Karoi. Over the years many gold ventures have invaded the area which included gold panning along the Angwa river bed and in primary gold deposits within the area. There is still active gold production.
- Graphite- prospects first registered by Anglovall Rhodesian Exploration (Pvt.) Ltd in 1959 in the name of Stembok Mining (Pvt) Ltd. In another location, Graphite King Mine started mining in 1944 and the graphite was sent to Anglo America cooperation in Johannesburg. No current production taking place.
- Iron ore- No production has ever occurred as the iron deposits are regarded as uneconomic as they contain titaniferous magnetite though the rocks contain 60-70% of magnetite.
- Limestone-occurrence is within the Badze, Futu and Rengwe river valleys west of Bashungwi Range. Most of these resources have not mined. No production has ever occurred.
- Manganese- the mineral occurs on the banks of Magororo River approximately 2km NNE of Mtoli hill. There have not been any commercial extractions to date.
- Marble- No production has ever taken place. The marble is a breccia of particularly pleasing appearance and texture occurs at the confluence of the Msukwi and Mtoragwechi Rivers.
- Radioactive minerals- in 1957 the United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority (UKAEA) carried out airborne radiometric surveys and identified areas with sharp anomalies of radioactive minerals. Thorium bearing monazite residues were discovered in these sites though no uranium mineralization was reported. These areas were then pegged by UKAEA and some other individual prospectors though no mining activities have ever been carried out to date.
- Miami mica (Muscovite) fields in Karoi- the first mines were the Miami and Phoenix Mines which started production as early as 1919 and during their climax were among the richest mica mines in the world. Currently, there are no mining activities taking place.
- Beryl- during the mining of mica, Beryl was also found and was first mentioned in 1923 in a report Grand Parade Mine. There was a sharp demand for the beryllium ore after the discovery of the Bikita tin fields in 1949 and a minor beryl rush to the mica fields at the old mica mines was recorded. Numerous beryl mines were pegged and mined up until the late 1950s when demand sharply declined. Currently, there are no mining activities taking place.
- Colombo-tantalite- during the early time of pegmatite mining, the pegmatite minerals Colombo-tantalite, often radioactive, were obtained as a by-product of beryl mining. Currently there are no mining activities taking place.
- Tungsten (wolfram)-in 1952 wolfram was discovered on the then called K farm situated 18km east of Karoi town. Numerous blocks of claims were staked known as Honey and the deposit was named the Honey wolfram belt. The large scale extraction of the mineral resource was short-lived as operations ceased in 1957. Currently, there are no mining activities taking place.
- Kyanite, andalusite, sillimanite- kyanite mining was recorded to be situated north east of Karoi town close to the confluence of Angwa and Miami rivers on the Masterpiece farm were numerous blocks of claims were registered by Keir and Cawder (Rhod) Ltd. In the 1940s. No production figures were recorded from the available source text. The area still holds potential for the extraction of Kyanite. Currently, there are no mining activities taking place.
- Rutile-this is a titanium oxide (TiO2) which is the prime ore of the metal titanium. It was first recorded to be pegged as “I Wonder” claims situated on the then called Crown Land 15km SE of Karoi. No production figures were recorded from the source text. Currently, there are no mining activities taking place.
- Amethyst- occurrence reported in the Hurungwe north areas. Currently, there are no mining activities taking place.
- Garnet- occurrence reported in the Hurungwe north areas with historical small scale production but no available production figures. Currently there are no mining activities taking place.
- Tin (cassiterite) – reported to occur in the Hurungwe pegmatites but there is no report of historical production. Currently there are no mining activities taking place.
- Silica- occurs extensively in the district as veins. The aggregate is used as gravel in road surfacing. There is report of extraction for industrial processing that has ever taken place.
- Coal- occurs in the Mashambanzou and Strange’s deposits in the Chewore area. Reconnaissance exploration has been conducted but no production has ever taken place to date.
Get in touch withMinistry of Mines and Mining Development
6th Floor, ZIMRE Centre
Cnr L.Takawira St/ K. Nkrumah Ave.
+263 242 777022 – 9